Area: 581,730km˛ Population: 1.4 million Languages: English is the official language, Setswana is the national language. Climate: Much of the country is desert with the most habitable areas in the north and east. It is hot throughout the year - but particularly from October to April. The main rainy season is from December to April. Visas: Nationals from all commonwealth countries (except the nationals of Ghana, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh), Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Namibia, Netherlands, Norway, Western Samoa, San Marino, Sweden, Switzerland, Uruguay, USA and Yugoslavia do not need visas. Money: The unit of currency is the pula, which is hard currency.
Area: 582,646km˛ Population: 28.2 million Languages: English is the official language and Kiswahili is the national language; many other African languages are spoken according to religion. Climate: Coastal areas are tropical and hot but tempered by monsoon winds. The wettest months are April, May and November; the hottest are February and March; the coolest are June and July. The lowlands are hot and dry. Much of Kenya, however stands at over 5,000 feet and has a more temperate climate with four seasons. There is a warm, dry season from January top March; a rainy season from march to June, a cool, cloudy and dry season from June to October and a rainy season from November to December. Visas: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ireland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA DO require visas. Money: The unit of currency is the Kenyan Shilling. It is an offence to export Kenyan currency.
Area: 30,355km˛ Population: 1.9 million Languages: English & Sosotho Climate: The high altitude of this mountain kingdom is a dominant factor in its climate, making winters very cold (May to September). Most rain falls between October and April. Visas: No visas are required for commonwealth countries, with the exception of Ghana, India, Mocambique, Nigeria and Pakistan. Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, San Marino, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, USA also do not need visas. Money: The unit of currency is the loti, equivalent to the South African Rand. All foreign currency conversions must be done in Lesotho.
Area: 118,484km˛ Population: 9.8 million Languages: English is the official language; ChiChewa is the main national language. Climate: Very pleasant. Cool in the highlands; warmer by the lake - but with cooling breezes along the lake shore. The rainy season is from November to March. Visas: Most foreign passport holders do not require visas. Money: The unit of currency is the kwacha.
Area: 799,380km˛ Population: 17.3 million Languages: The official language is Portuguese. The four main African languages are Tsonga, Sena, Nyanja and Makua-Lomwe. English is spoken by very few people outside of Maputo. Climate: Tropical and sub-tropical with three climatic zones: rainy in the north and centre, drier in the southern half of the country, and a cooler rainy zone in the plateaux and mountain regions. The dry season is from April to September when it is cooler and less humid. Rains are frequent from November to January. Visas: Visas are required by everyone. Money: Currency is the metical (plural meticais - pronounced 'metacash').
Area: 823,144km˛ Population: 1.6 million Languages: English is the official language Climate: Hot in summer (as high as 40ēC plus) but cool in the evenings and cold in winter. Rainfall is mainly from October until April, with more falling in the north than the south. The coastal strip of the Namib Desert is cool, damp and rainless with mist for much of the year. Visas: Angola, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Cuba, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malawi, Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA, Mocambique, New Zealand, Portugal, Iceland, Malaysia, Singapore, Scandinavia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe nationals do not need visas. Money: The unit of currency is the Namibian Dollar, which is the equivalent of the South African Rand.
Area: 12,123,226km˛ Population: 43.9 million Languages: There are 11 official languages; English, Zulu, Xhosa, Sotho, Tswana, Shangaan, Ndebele, Swazi, Venda, Pedi and Afrikaans. Climate: Most of the country enjoys a temperate climate, with warm summers and cool winters. The Natal coast can be extremely hot and humid in summer - at its height in February. The Western Cape has a Mediterranean climate with dry summers and temperatures of around 20ēC from October to March. Visas: Holders of passports of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland including the British Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey and Jersey, Isle of Mann and Virgin Islands, the Republic of Ireland as well as British Overseas Territories are totally exempt from South African visa control and thus do not require visas for any purpose regulated by visas.
PLEASE NOTE: Nationals of the British Dependent Territories are subject to visa control. The Territories are: Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson, Cucie and Oeno Islands, the Sovereign Base Area of Akrotiri and Dhekelia and the Turks and Caicos Islands. Money: Unit of currency is the Rand, there are banks in all centres of population.
Area: 17,364km˛ Population: 936,400 Languages: SiSwati & English Climate: Very changeable according to the altitude, mostly ranging from 32ēC to 0ēC. Rain falls mainly between October and March. Visas: No visas are required for South African passport holders, Namibian Nationals, British, USA and other numerous countries. Money: The unit of currency is the lillangeni, which is tied to the South African Rand.
Area: 945,037km˛ Population: 28 million Languages: The national language is Kiswahili; English is also commonly spoken. Climate: Hot and humid along the coast (particularly from December to March); rains come from April to May and in November. On the central plateau covering most of the country it is warm and dry (average 27ēC); it is a little cooler in the Highlands. Visas: visas are required by South African and British passport holders, as well as others. Money: The unit of currency is the Tanzanian shilling
Area: 241,040km˛ Population: 19.1 million Languages: English is the official language, a simplified form of Kiswahili is spoken as a second language mostly in rural areas. Climate: Uganda's position on the equator is tempered by its high altitude, giving it a very pleasant climate. The average temperature is 23ēC. The rainy seasons are from March to June and October to December. Visas: Due to current events it is advisable to check the situation with the local authorities. Money: The unit of currency is the Ugandan shilling.
Area: 752,614km˛ Population: 9.2 million Languages: English is the official language, the main national languages are Bemba, Nyanja, Lozi and Tonga Climate: Sunny but cool from May to September; hot from October to November, rains from November until April. Visas: Most persons who have confirmed booking/reservation through tour operators in conjuction with Zambian registered tour operators shall not require a visa for Zambia. Money: The unit of currency is kwacha. You must pay in hard currency for hotels. There are no restrictions on importing foreign currency.
Population: 700,000 Language: English is spoken by many people, although Kiswahili is the national language. Climate: It is relatively cool and dry from June to October, with average temperatures of 25ēC with cooling breezes of the SE monsoon prevailing. Zanzibar enjoys an equatorial climate with heavy rainfall from March to May and further short rains in November Visas: Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Money: As for Tanzania.
Area: 390,759km˛ Population: 11 million Languages: English is the official language; Shona and Ndebele are the national languages. Climate: A temperate climate due to the countries high altitude. Highland temperatures range from 22ēC in October to 13ēC in July; in the Zambezi valley it ranges from 30ēC to 20ēC. Rainy season is December to March. Cool season is May to September. Visas: This changes on an almost daily basis. Money: The unit of currency is the Zimbabwe dollar, which is very unstable at the moment. It is a good idea to travel with hard currency.